Under the European Green Deal the European Commission has set out a number of strategies that support its ambition of making the EU climate neutral in 2050, many of which could drive growth in the use of composite materials. To explore the opportunities, and challenges, presented by these strategies the European Composites Industry Association (EuCIA) is organising a series of workshops in association with the Commission.
The first event, Opportunities for the Composites Industry within the EU Strategies on Offshore Renewable Energy and Hydrogen, took place on 29 September, and connected representatives of the European composites industry with EC guest speaker Dr. Carlos Eduardo Lima da Cunha, Policy Officer at the Directorate-General (DG) Research & Innovation, Clean Energy Transition.
“The Green Deal will have a big impact on industry in the coming 30 years and for the composites industry there are big opportunities, but also big challenges, particularly around the circularity of materials,” explains Ben Drogt, EuCIA’s Managing Director, who chaired the workshop. “Both the offshore renewable energy and hydrogen strategies are important because they will have direct impact on the use of composites, requiring vast increases in production capacities. We, as EuCIA, want to inform the European composites industry about these opportunities, stimulate discussion around the challenges, and identify sources of research and innovation support available from the European Commission.”
€800 billion for offshore energy
Achieving a reduction in net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of at least 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels, is a crucial milestone for the European Green Deal. In his presentation, Dr. Lima da Cunha discussed the massive expansions in offshore wind energy capacity required to reach this goal. The strategy calls for 60 GW of offshore wind capacity in Europe by 2030, rising to 300 GW in 2050. Current capacity is approximately 12 GW. There are also ambitious growth targets for ocean energy. He noted that the EC is taking a technology neutral approach, offering potential for new markets to develop around emerging technologies such as floating wind, direct current technologies, floating photovoltaic (PV), and algal biofuels.
The Commission estimates that to achieve its offshore energy goals an investment of €800 billion is required, most of which is expected to come from the private sector, while the EU will provide ‘catalytic’ funds. In addition to promoting development of renewable energy sources and increasing capacity of different renewable energy sources, the strategy aims to support research and innovation in offshore renewable energy and strengthen Europe’s technological leadership and industrial capacity. However, Dr. Lima da Cunha emphasised, this growth must take place within the context of the circular economy and improving the sustainability of composite materials is an important objective of the Commission’s ongoing work.
The EC’s goals present huge opportunities for the composites industry in Europe, Dr. Lima da Cunha went on to say. EU production of composite materials is estimated to be around 1000 ktons currently. The Commission has calculated that to achieve 300 GW of offshore wind capacity in 2050 about 4000 ktons of composite materials will be required for the turbine blades, nacelles and other components (assuming the same technology and materials as in 2021). This would mean, on average, a yearly additional composites production of approximately 130 ktons, equating to 13% annual market growth. This assumes that all the composite materials for offshore installations are produced in Europe, which is not the case today.
He concluded by outlining a number of challenges for the EU composites industry:
- Safeguarding production capacity to guarantee availability of the forecast volume of materials;
- Developing new composite materials that are recyclable, yet enable the manufacture of larger turbine blades and withstand the harsher conditions of deeper offshore waters;
- Ensuring that the EU composites sector is a reliable value chain partner in this fast growing market
Workshop delegates had the opportunity to ask questions following the presentation. Discussions covered topics such as circularity of materials, capacity of existing composites recycling solutions and logistical challenges, availability of funding to support upscaling of promising recycling technologies, potential certification of composite turbine components, and the ability of the European composites industry to support this market growth.
EU support for research and innovation
The EC offers funding and support for the offshore renewables and hydrogen markets through a variety of programmes, including Horizon Europe, InvestEU and NextGenerationEU. The European Clean Hydrogen Alliance and the Clean Hydrogen Partnership also support research and innovation along the hydrogen value chain.
“We, as EuCIA, will help our members connect with relevant opportunities,” Ben Drogt stated. “Composites are used in many diverse end user segments, which is why EuCIA partners with downstream associations. This connection with the end user immediately creates consortia for work on specific topics. We are already collaborating effectively with WindEurope and European Boating Industry, and we can look to do the same with associations dealing with hydrogen mobility. We will also continue to facilitate networking activities to explore the numerous opportunities for composites presented by other strategies linked to the Green Deal.”